Before World War II, two agreements existed between Estonia and Italy: a provisional trade agreement (came into force 27 Feb 1929), and the agreement on the extradition of persons and court assistance in criminal cases (came into force 1 Mar 1938).
Currently the following bilateral agreements are in effect between Estonia and Italy:
- Agreement on Co-operation in the Field of Tourism (came into force 7 Oct 1998);
- Agreement on the Abolition of Visa Requirements (came into force 8 Feb 1999);
- Agreement on Readmission of Persons (came into force 3 Mar 1999);
- Agreement on Mutual Regulation of International Road Transport of Passengers and Freight (came into force 26 Jan 2000);
- Agreement on Cultural, Educational, Scientific and Technological Co-operation (came into force 30 Jan 2000);
- Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income (came into force 22 Feb 2000);
- Agreement on the Promotion and Protection of Investments (came into force 9 May 2000);
- Agreement Concerning Co-operation in the Field of Defence (came into force 9 Feb 2001);
- Agreement on Mutual Protection of Classified Information (came into force 8 Mar 2001).
- Co-operation agreement against organised crime, terrorism and the illegal drug trade (signed 08.09.2009)
In addition, there also exists a joint declaration on the strengthening of co-operation between the foreign ministries of Estonia and Italy (signed 18 March 2009).